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ONLINE LECTURE: The Ottoman-Italian War of 1911-12: Conflict and Consequences

ONLINE LECTURE: The Ottoman-Italian War of 1911-12: Conflict and Consequences

Online | The seminar will be held via Zoom

26 October 2021 19:00 to 20:30

A British Institute at Ankara-Society of Libyan Studies Joint Online Lecture by Benjamin Fortna (University of Arizona).

Tuesday 26 October 2021 | 17:00-19:00 (London UTC+1) | 19:00-21:00 (Ankara UTC+3)

This lecture will reflect on the Ottoman-Italian War in North Africa of 1911-12 in light of its consequences for the Ottoman Empire and the wider Islamic world. Although the Ottomans had to abandon the fight against the Italians due to the Balkan Wars, the "Trablusgarb War" had consequences that reached well beyond the relatively short duration of the conflict.

Keywords: Ottoman; Italian; North Africa; Islamic; Balkan Wars; Conflict

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VIRTUAL SEMINAR: The Second Shift in Archaeological Fieldwork?

VIRTUAL SEMINAR: The Second Shift in Archaeological Fieldwork?

Online | The seminar will be held via Zoom

04 November 2021 16:00 to 17:30

An Anatolian Studies Virtual Seminar with Yağmur Heffron (University College London).

Thursday 4th November 2021 | 16:00-17:30 (London UTC+0) | 19:00-20:30 (Ankara UTC+3) | Online

Archaeological excavations in the Middle East typically rely on hiring local labour. Histories of managing this labour are increasingly bringing the practices of early excavators under scrutiny. In this paper, I consider a different category of local archaeological labour, particularly common in Turkey, which is performed by trained archaeologists or archaeology students in training. In addition to their ordinary tasks as team members, local archaeologists and/or students routinely act as interpreters and intermediaries helping foreign projects run effectively in an unfamiliar cultural landscape. The service they provide is vital yet seldom recognised as a job in its own right, and often uncompensated despite the considerable mental load and time deficit it generates. Where local archaeologists are regularly called upon to facilitate the research and training needs of their non-local counterparts, pre-existing inequalities between the two groups are amplified. In order to better understand the dynamics involved, I propose borrowing the term “fixer” from journalism, where we find a comparable relationship between local and foreign colleagues. In the absence of such a term in archaeology, the assistance required from local archaeologists to help transcend cultural and linguistic barriers becomes additional, uncompensated labour. Here, I propose borrowing yet more terms, this time from feminism, to account for the considerable “double burden” of local archaeologists as they regularly undertake a “second shift” on top of their professional duties. Looking outside archaeology for key concepts to illustrate implicit imbalances in workload will be a useful first step towards a structured examination of labour relationships between local and non-local archaeologists working on foreign projects in Turkey.

Keywords: Archaeology; Local Labour; Fixers; Excavators; Interpreters; Journalism; Second Shift; Feminism

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