Woodland use and Agricultural Economies in Anatolia

Location: Turkey 

Year(s): 2017-18 

Grant Recipient: Ceren Kabukcu, University of Liverpool


Funding: BIAA

Under BIAA SRI(s): Climate change and the enviroment; Habitat and Settlement in prehistoric, historical and contemporary perspectives

Summary: The main aim of this project is to provide new data and comparative perspectives on the nature and development of late Neolithic/early Chalcolithic woodland use and agricultural practices in Mediterranean Anatolia. The BIAA study grant enabled the preliminary analysis of charred plant remains from the late Neolithic/Chalcolithic site of Aktopraklık (Bursa) in the southern Marmara region, excavated by Necmi Karul of Istanbul University, and the Holocene deposits excavated at Karain and Suluin caves by Harun Taşkıran of Ankara University.Both the Marmara region and the southern Mediterranean coast of Anatolia figure prominently in current debates concerning the spread of agriculture in the Mediterranean regions of Anatolia. One of the objectives of planned work is to characterise crop choice and cultivation practices, and the use and management of wild plant resources, and provide comparative data with which to evaluate these against botanical assemblages from Neolithic sites in central Anatolia. While analysis at both sites are ongoing, it is becoming clear that inhabitants at both sites utilized woodland resources for food and fuel and collected wild plants alongside the use of crops. The accompanying image shows a selection of seed macro-remains from Aktopraklik: lentils (A), terebinth (B), bitter vetch (C), glume wheat (D).

Resulting Publications: 

Kabukcu C. (2017), Woodland use and agricultural economies in Anatolia, Heritage Turkey.

Ceren Kabukcu:

I obtained my PhD in Archaeology from the University of Liverpool in July 2015. My doctoral thesis focused on the analysis of wood charcoal macrofossils from four late Pleistocene and early Holocene habitation sites in Turkey: Çatalhöyük (East and West mound), Boncuklu, Can Hasan III and Pınarbaşı supervised by Dr. Eleni Asouti and Professor Douglas Baird. After finishing my PhD thesis I worked on a 6 month contract as a full-time University Teacher at the University of Liverpool, followed by a 2 month contract as an Archaeology Field school instructor. Currently, I hold a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship at the University of Liverpool (October 2017-2020), undertaking archaeobotanical analysis at Upper Palaeolithic, Epipalaeolithic and Early Neolithic sites across the Taurus-Zagros foothills. My recent research in these early sites aims to understand wild plant use (including grasses, legumes and tree fruits&nuts) prior to the onset of farming in the region.

Belongs to;
Archaeology and Related Disciplines

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