Location: near Yalvaç; Isparta Province
Project Director: Stephen Mitchell
Participants: Marc Waelkens, Jean Greenhalgh, Robin Fursdon (1982), Timothy Fursdon (1982), Jonathan Western (1982), Ian Cowell (1983), Kevin Hainsworth (1983)
Government Representatives: Durmuş Kaya
Funding: BIAA, British Academy, Roman Society, Craven Committee of Oxford University
A survey at Pisidian Antioch (near the modern town of Yalvaç) and the nearby Sanctuary of Men was directed by Stephen Mitchell between 15 August to 7 September 1982. This project marked the first season of what would eventually become the Pisidia Survey Project. Though the site of Pisidian Antioch had been discovered in 1833 by F. V. J. Arundell and visited by many others since then, including Michael Ballance and Alfred Frazer in 1962, no systematic survey work had ever been undertaken.
The aim in 1982 was to document as fully as possible all archaeological remains at Pisidian Antioch, and to produce new and correct plans and elevations of both the site and the sanctuary, and of any surviving buildings or architectural features. During the first season, the surveying team was able to conduct a topographic survey of the city, concentrating specifically on buildings such as the supposed Temple of Augustus, the nearby portico, the Propylon, the City Gate, the church in the city’s centre, and a large basilica. The Temple of Augustus and City Gate could be reconstructed in some detail. Two construction periods emerged in the course of the survey. The last five days of the season were dedicated to work at the Sanctuary of Men, which was located an hour’s walk from Yalvaç on Karakuyu Hill. A Hellenistic temple, likely from the second century BC, stands at the site’s centre, around which is a wall with hundreds of dedications to Men Askaenos.
A second season was undertaken between 5 to 30 July 1983. During this period they achieved their aim of producing a map of Pisidia and detailed plans of buildings there, as well as completing maps and plans for the sanctuary. At Pisidia, walls could be traced around the entire circuit, though only some sections were visible above the ground. Two entrances were traced, as well as the two main streets, and a water storage tank, an aqueduct, and the remains of a bathhouse. At the city’s centre they mapped a colonnaded street, a stairway, and a gateway with three arches.
At the sanctuary, they discovered that there was likely one other small temple in addition to the main one, and another building complex, presumably religious, on the west side. A small stadium was located at the east of the temple. A settlement, probably occupied from the third century BC through late antiquity was discovered on the hilltop. All found material was deposited in museums in Istanbul, Afyon, and Konya.
1983: ‘The Year’s Work’ Anatolian Studies 33: 7-9
1984: ‘The Year’s Work’ Anatolian Studies 34: 8-10
Kaya, D., Mitchell, S. 1985: ‘The Sanctuary of the God Eurymedon at Tymbriada in Pisidia’ Anatolian Studies 35: 39-55
Mitchell, S., Waelkens, M. 1998: Pisidian Antioch: The Site and its Monuments. London