Melli Survey – Pisidia Survey Project

Location: near Kocaaliler; Burdur Province

Years: 1998-2000

Director: Lutgarde Vandeput

Participants: Sabri Aydal, Ezra Erb, Stephen Mitchell, Veli Köse,  Yaprak Özkönü, Truus Helsen (1999), Umut Doğan (1999), Bahadır Toprak (1999), Barış Uy (1999), D. Gysen (2000), M. Aksan (2000), Stephen Mitchell (2000)

Government Representatives: Seber Türkmen (1999), Faris Demir (2000)

Summary:

The survey at Melli was begun in 1998 as part of the Pisidia Survey Project.  During the first season, the team focused on creating a topographical map of the area; they managed to map all structures or remnants within the fortification walls of the ancient city.  The east façade of the market building was measured and drawn, and the city agora was mapped.

Work in 1999 largely followed from what had been done previously; some corrections were made to the 1998 topographical map, and the monuments around the square were added to it.  A detailed stone-plan of the market building was also created.  The fortification walls and northeast gate were investigated, revealing some inscriptions.  The domestic residences at the site were explored, and two individual houses were drawn.  In the necropolis, some monumental tombs and sarcophagi were discovered.  Private and public cisterns were found preserved within the city.  The results of the 1998 and 1999 surveys pointed towards an occupation beginning in the Hellenistic period and flourishing through the third century AD.

The third season of survey at Melli took place in September 2000.  The small theatre in the city centre was surveyed and planned.  The north necropolis and some of the early Christian structures within the ancient city were also explored, and showed that often, earlier pagan buildings had been re-used in their construction.  It was also found that richer and poorer houses would often occupy the same quarters.  Work on the monumental temple tombs in the north necropolis was also finished; these attested to the wealth of Melli’s inhabitants during later Roman periods.  Other features made it clear that it had maintained its wealth from the Hellenistic period until the early Christian period; this evolution parallels other well-known but larger Pisidian cities.  The inscriptions were recorded in detail during this season.

Sources:

Vandeput, L., Köse, V. 2001: ‘The 1999 Pisidia Survey at Melli’ Anatolian Studies 51: 133-145

Vandeput, L., Köse, V. 2002: ‘Pisidia Survey Project: Melli 2000’ Anatolian Studies 52: 145-152

Mitchell, S. 2003: ‘Inscriptions from Melli (Kocaaliler) in Pisidia’ Anatolian Studies 53: 139-159

Bibliography:

Vandeput, L., Köse, V., Aydal, S. 1999: ‘The 1998 Pisidia Survey project: a preliminary report of work ast “Melli”’ Babesch 74: 133-45

Also reports in Turkish in XVII-XIX Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı

Belongs to;
Archaeology Related Disciplines
Surveys

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