Climate Responsive Urban Design in the context of Black Sea Climate

Location:  Turkey, Black Sea Region

Years: 2016 – 2017

Type: Post-Doctoral Fellowship

Research Fellow: Dr. Ender Peker

Funding: BIAA

Summary:

The project focuses on the way(s) which the formation of urban built environment responds to the local climatic conditions in the Black Sea littoral region. The project particularly aims to explore the challenges of climate responsive urban development in the region through a case study of Rize, a typical Black Sea city challenging with frequent urban flooding events. Adopting a socio-technical approach, the research explores technical inadequacies/gaps in the current urban built environment as well as locally emerged requirements in urban neighbourhoods and social responses to ever-increasing precipitation in the city. While doing that, the research emphasizes the trilateral relationships between (1) the production of urban space, (2) local climatic conditions and (3) the ways which citizens respond and/or adopt to climatic conditions and also the consequences generated within and by the designed/produced urban built environment.

Climate Responsive Urban Design in the context of Black Sea Climate

The first stage of the research, exploring inhabitants’ perception of rain and spatial requirements, is achieved through a set of in-depth interviews with different user groups such as shopkeepers, drivers, contractors, students and housewives. This exploration includes the positive or negative judgements that citizens attach to local climatic characteristics including frequent rain events. Accordingly, the research discovered the ways which high precipitation ratio and frequent rain events in the city affect citizens’ urban daily life. Findings from the first stage gave a direction towards the identification of most commonly experienced difficulties and also the most commonly required/desired spatial solutions in urban space of Rize.

Second stage of the research, exploring the technical inadequacies/gaps in the current urban built environment, is achieved through in-depth interviews with decision-makers mainly from the Municipality of Rize and the Provincial Disaster and Emergency Directorate of Rize. The idea was to share the findings from the first stage with the decision-makers and to understand why current planning action cannot respond to the locally emerged requirements in urban neighbourhoods and social responses to ever-increasing precipitation in the city. Dialogical meetings with key actors in the Municipality lead us to organize a participatory workshop with a larger group of participants including different stakeholder related to urban planning processes. 

Related Evets:

WORKSHOP in RİZE: “Understanding the Challenges of Living in a Wet and Humid Climate” 

Projected Publications:

A monograph including a set of urban design guidelines for the future development of Black Sea cities.   


Ender Peker is an urbanist specialising in climate responsive urban design, in particular the ways in which the built environment is co-produced by technical rules, regulations and codes that seek to order urban life in deference to inhabitants’ socio-ecologic values. Ender holds a PhD from University of Reading, UK. His PhD research entitled “Provision of Urban Thermal Comfort: A Socio-Technical Approach to Climate Responsive Urban Design”, developed a design approach that integrates the technical knowledge regarding climate sensitivity with the social knowledge generated within and by local communities.  His current research focuses on challenges of climate responsive urban development in the context of Black Sea Climate through a case study of Rize, a typical Black Sea city challenging with frequent urban flooding events.

Fields of Expertise: Climate Responsive Design, Urban Design, Socio-Technical Research

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Contemporary Turkish Society & Politics
History, Social & Political Sciences

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